The Colony of New York
In 1625, a man named Peter Stuyvesant founded New Netherland in Manhattan island. It was originally a Dutch colony but in 1664 the English took control during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The English raised a fleet to take it from the Dutch and the Dutch surrendered without recognition from the Dutch West Indies Company. The colony was renamed The Province of New York, after the Duke of York. It became a proprietary colony and later turned into a royal colony.
New York is settled in the middle region, also known as the breadbasket region because of the fertile soil and large amount of wheat. Its port and close proximity to Philadelphia and Boston made it a major trading center. Albany was its second-most important city while New York City was the most important.
The colony was full of productive farms. It had lower, middle, and upper class and a large number of people of African descent, some enslaved and some free. The colony used manufacturing, like shipbuilding or lumber trading, and agriculture to make money.
Thomas Dongan was an Irish colonel in the Royal Army who served in Africa. He was appointed governor of New York in 1683. While he was a good statesmen and a great general in the face of military encroachment, his sympathies with the people he governed irked the King of England. This reasoning caused his removal from the post in 1688.
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben was considered one of the fathers of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He taught the army the essential of military drills, tactics, and discipline. He was George Washington's chief of staff in the final years of the war. Steuben died November 28, 1794 at the age of 64 in Utica, New York.
Thomas Dongan and Friedrich Steuben weren't the only famous people from New York. The Duke of York, who's name was James, was the brother to King Charles. He promised James the land after the Dutch surrendered.
New York was a place that offered religious tolerance and diversity. Its elegant buildings and bustling streets offers a feeling of importance in the colony. A naval officer once stopped to admire New York because of its beauty. The colony was full of opportunity and freedom. In New York you could be who you want to be and believe in who you want to believe in.
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